Polish flora consists of about 2300 species of vascular plants. One of its elements are plants commonly referred to as weeds. Passed by the road, associated with the summer, colored by colorful stains waving the grain. The eternal comrades of man.
They are both related to particular forms of farming and to areas otherwise distorted by human activity. Among them the main role is played by the plants that came to us with the mass settlement and the frequent human wandering in the period before the 15th century. They came in a variety of ways, both as an admixture of crops and as a coincidence. Some of the plants currently considered unnecessary were once the first edible plants.
All of us picture of Polish countryside is associated with a mosaic of different crops diversified by different species of colorful flowers. This characteristic image may soon be part of the past. Already, the constant striving to increase field productivity and improve economic efficiency has contributed to the practical extinction of large numbers of weed species in Western Europe. In Poland, the situation is much better, but already from our native flora, species that were once associated with flax production disappeared. These are: the proper bearer, the seedling bear, the lance and the field lion. These plants are the first victims of human struggle to gain more and more profit.
The same fate may soon be shared by several more species, depending on the extensive human economy and the habitat that he himself created.
With the aim, among other things, to maintain species diversity and preserve them from the extinction of these plants, the Club of Naturalists started implementing the project of protecting them several years ago. Within the framework of the Weed and Old Fruit Variety Protection Program (funded by GEF, Ecofund and own funds), Conservation Crop has been established for several weed species characteristic for different types of crops. In order to promote these plants as ornamental flowers in naturalistic gardens and for educational purposes, they were also collected in the Botanical Garden in the immediate vicinity of the Meadow Museum in Owczary.
Currently in our possession are among others:
Agrostemma githago - grasshopper
Nigella arvensis - Field pitcher
Consolida regalis - Fieldbus
Papaver rhoeas - poppy seed
Papaver argemone - Sand poppy
Papaver dubium - Doubtful pop
Anagallis arvensis - Tragedy of the field
Anthemis arvensis - Rumian grasshopper
Chamomilla recutita - Common chamomile
Centaurea cyanus - Cornflower
Viola arvensis - Field violet
Lathyrus tuberosus - tuberose peas
Fumaria officinalis - Fumaria officinalis
Fumaria vailanthii - Small-fistula fistula
Myosurus minimus - Small mice
Camelina sativa - Seedbed
Adonis aestivalis - Summer Love
Viola tricolor - Violet tricolor (wild boar)
Spergula arvensis - Field Crop
Mixes of seeds of these and other weeds, for sowing in your garden can be purchased in our online shop or by writing to the address kp[at]kp.org.pl.
We are still looking for more than a dozen more and more endangered species, including:
Adonis flammea - Scarlet Love
Ranunculus arvensis - Grass butterfly
Caucalis platycarpos - Field beetle
Bupleurum rotundifolium - Round, round
Scandix pecten-veneris - Czechic crested
Anagallis foemina - blue dangers
Kickia elatine - Spearmint
Kickia spuria - Knee twisted
Fumaria schleicheri - pink fog
Aphanes microcarpa - Small-cavity chambers
Spergularia segetalis - Corn flycatcher
Gagea arvensis - field lodge